Employment Law is an important thing you need to understand clearly. It is important to follow specific regulations when it comes to employment law, and your employees are required to know their rights. You must place posters in your business notifying employees of their rights, and these must be posted in areas where the employees are likely to see it, like a break room for example. There are a few employment laws that you need to be aware and your employees should know.
The first employment laws you should know is Title 7 of the civil rights acts of 1964. Title 7 of the civil rights act prohibits employers from hiring people based on race, religion, sex and national origin. This law also prevents discrimination based on pregnancy and sexual harassment, which is important. Then there’s the civil rights act of 1966 which prohibits discrimination solely based on race and ethnic origin.
The equal pay act of 1963 helps employees by prohibiting employers from paying different wages to men and women who perform essentially the same work under the same working conditions. Employers also can’t discriminate based on a person having a disability. A lot of employers don’t consider this law when hiring new employees but it’s something you need to know, especially if you have a disability or physical condition.
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Then there’s the immigration reform and control act of 1986 which prohibits discrimination on the basis of national origin or citizenship when it comes to people who are authorized to work in the United States. Another act is called the age discrimination in employment act (ADEA) which helps prohibit discrimination against those who are aged 40 and above. The equal opportunity act helps prohibit discrimination against minorities and those that have poor credit ratings. This act also goes hand in hand with the bankruptcy act that prohibits against anyone who has declared bankruptcy.
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There are other employment laws that you are subject to. There’s the occupational safety and health act that provides employers with regulations regarding the health and safety of all employees. This act applies to all 50 states and the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and other US territories.
The family medical leave act is what allows employees to take unpaid leave from their job under specific conditions like having a baby. Then there’s the employee polygraph protection act labor law which states that employers aren’t allowed to use lie detectors for pre-employment screenings. Finally, there’s the fair labor standards act which provides minimum wage and overtime pay standards, record keeping, and child labor standards to prevent employers from taking advantage of employees in the place of work.