Rats are said to be very friendly when tame plus they are intelligent creatures that would make them cute as pets. Domestic rats are less likely to bite than gerbils and hamsters, and so it is a good choice if your child is looking for a new pet. On the other hand, wild rats are definitely not cute and their infestation is never a good thing. When you sense and show signs that the rats and their families are starting to occupy your outbuildings, garage, attic or basement, then you should already be concern.
There are two main types of rats and these are the black and brown rats, although they come in different sub-species. The rats that came from Asia were small, however, their relatives are much larger and these are what you see in your own cities and towns.
Rats migrated around the globe just like humans, and they follow soldiers and traders along Asia’s and Europe’s trade routes. Rats were everywhere, hitching rides on ships, sailing between continents, and eventually you see them everywhere after a few centuries.
Where there are more food, the more you will see these rats, because just like pests, they are nature’s scavengers. Rats are not fussy with their food, although they prefer diet of meat and vegetables, they will still be happy to loot your trash or raid your vegetable patch. Small animals can also be attacked by rats if they cannot find any other food.
For over centuries, rats were portrayed in some ill ways and the main reason was that they help spread disease. It was recorded that 25 million people died in the Middle Ages termed as the black death, where people just collapsed on the streets with disease spreading around, and this was known to be the Bubonic Plague caused by rats which were infested with fleas.
An outbreak of this disease can be avoided in our modern days because we have more understanding of the process of the disease. However, the spreading of disease is still possible with rats around and so we need to deal their infestation as soon as possible.
One disease that you should be concern of with rats living and breeding in your vicinity is called leptospirosis, the most common rat-borne disease.
If you consume food or water which are contaminated by rats, you could get the disease called salmonella. Another fatal disease due to exposure to rat droppings or rat urine, is called hantavirus, and this is a fatal one. Very common also in the rat population is e-coli, and rats are also infected with this disease leading humans to be contaminated too from food and water that are contaminated.